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Townships in the South African geographic landscape

Physical and social legacies and challenges

Article image

Li Pernegger, Susanna Godehart

01 October 2007


Township Studies Librarian Two

Learning material

Township Studies Group

South Africa

The ‘Training for Township Renewal Initiative’ (TTRI) was the first initiative of its kind in South Africa. It targetted township development practitioners and raised the profile of township development. It aimed to highlight typical, pertinent issues that practitioners would encounter and help to fast-track regeneration projects.

This course assists in understanding core objectives of township integration, restructuring and the range of development strategies and interventions that can be employed.


Website References

Built environment


Human settlements

Informal settlement upgrading

Informal settlements

Poverty & inequality

South Africa


Township Studies Group


Urban renewal

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